By Timothy Collins

Updated & Revised by the Staff of the NYC Rent Guidelines Board January 2020

This introduction to the New York City Rent Guidelines Board covers the structure, function and history of the Board and its role in the rent stabilization system. Some attention has also been given to the broader regulatory environment affecting all residential landlord/tenant relations within the City. This book is broken down into multiple sections and is entirely in PDF format.

The entire Intro to the Board may be downloaded in full or in the following individual parts:

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Charts

List of Appendices

List of Other Noteworthy Materials




Back to Top

Membership on the Board

Download pdf about Board membership

  • Composition of the Board, terms of office, eligibility for appointment
  • Vacancies and removal
  • Conflicts of interest & financial disclosure
  • Board member compensation
  • Bylaws of the Board
  • Rent Guidelines Board staff & use of consultants
  • Rent Guidelines Board’s web site:
  • Legal status of the Board

Back to Top

History of the Board and Rent Regulation

Download a pdf about the history of the Board

  • Rent regulation prior to the establishment of the Board
  • Post-World War I controls
  • Great Depression
  • World War II Era Controls
  • Rent Stabilization
  • Chapter 576
  • Omnibus Housing Act of 1983
  • Rent Regulation Reform Act of 1993
  • Rent Regulation Reform Act of 1997
  • Rent Law of 2003
  • Rent Act of 2011
  • Rent Act of 2015
  • Housing Stability and Tenant Protection Act of 2019
  • Noteworthy aspects of selected court cases
  • Constitutionality of rent regulation
  • U.S. Supreme Court’s treatment of rent control laws
  • Challenges to rent control laws before the NY Court of Appeals

Back to Top

Main Features of Rent Stabilization

Download a pdf about the main features of rent stabilization

  • The landlord/tenant context – objectives, enforcement and primary provisions of the RSL, ETPA, RS Code and related laws 
    • affordability
    • habitability
    • security of tenure
    • fair returns
    • the commensurate rent formula
    • protection against tenant abuses (subletting, lease assignment, succession rights, primary residence, roommates)

Back to Top

Administration of rents under rent stabilization: the role of the Division of Housing and Community Renewal (DHCR)

Download a pdf about administration of rents

  • Major Capital Improvements (MCI’s) and individual apartment improvements
  • hardship rent increases
  • Fair Market Rent appeals
  • overcharge proceedings
  • other adjustments in rent (air conditioners, failure to maintain services, failure to register)

Back to Top

Duties of the Rent Guidelines Board

Download a pdf about the duties of the Rent Guidelines Board

  • establishment of the basic rent adjustments for renewal leases in apartments, hotels and lofts
  • special orders 
    • sublet allowances
    • supplemental rent adjustments
    • special guidelines & decontrolled units
    • electrical inclusion adjustment
    • buildings with J-51 or 421-a tax abatements
    • stabilizers
    • other – fractional terms, escalator clauses
  • exemptions to orders 
    • warehousing exemptions
    • registration exemption/hotels
  • resolutions
  • research & mandated considerations 
    • economic condition of the residential real estate industry
      Price Index of Operating Costs (PIOC)
      Price Index Projections
      RGB Rent Index
      Income & Expense Study
    • the cost and availability of financing:
       Mortgage Survey Report
    • overall supply of housing and overall vacancy rates:
      Housing Supply Report
      Changes to the Rent Stabilized Housing Stock report
    • data from the cost of living indices: 
      Income and Affordability Study
    • other data
  • meetings, hearings and administrative procedures 
    • meetings 
    • hearings
    • administrative procedures
  • voting meetings – order of business
  • final orders and explanatory statements

Back to Top

Tables and Charts

Back to Top


Back to Top

Other Noteworthy Materials

  1. Triennial Housing and Vacancy Survey (all years)
  2. Housing NYC: Rents Markets and Trends 1989-2019
  3. Price Index of Operating Costs 1969-2019 Apartments, Hotels, Lofts
  4. Rent Stabilization Code
  5. Rent Stabilization Law of 1969
  6. Emergency Tenant Protection Act of 1974, as amended.
  7. Rent Guidelines Board Orders and Explanatory Statements 1969-2019
  8. HCR ‘Fact Sheets’ for Rent Stabilized Housing

Downloading and viewing PDF documents require the Adobe Reader or alternate program that can display PDF files. If you don’t already have the Adobe Reader on your computer, you can download Adobe Reader for free. If you are having trouble installing or using the Adobe Reader, please see their troubleshooting page.

Back to Top